The Importance of Plants as Food ~ Kwentology

Kwento of Food Crops

Cereal Crops - Wheat, corn (maize, mais) and barley are common in temperate regions.

What are the Most Important Food Crops?

I'm just wondering of how many food crops did I consumed already? For knowing that there are some 12,000 species of plant are known to have been used as food by people, about 150 of these are in regular cultivation. The most important crops are the cereals—wheat, rice and corn, followed by barley, sorghum, oats, millet, and rye. Millet and sorghum are staple crops, in much of Africa. Rice is the main food crop in Asia. These form the basis of people's diet. Root crops are also widely grown. These include potatoes, sweet potatoes (kamote), yams, and cassava or manioc. All these foods provide carbohydrates, while seeds of the pea family (known as pulses) are rich in protien. As well as peas and beans, these include soya beans, chickpeas, and lentils.

Kwento of Olive and Sunflower

Sunflower seeds and olives are crushed to produce oil.

Which Plants Give Us Oil?

The seeds of many plants are rich in oil, which they store as a source of food and energy. We extract oil from several of these plants, including olive, sunflower, corn, soya, bean, peanuts, oil-seed rape, coconut, sesame, and African oil palm.

Which Fruits are Grown for Food?

Fruits of temperate regions include apples, pears, grapes, plums, cherries, red and black currants, strawberries, raspberries, blackberries and gooseberries. In warmer regions, there are citrus fruits such as oranges, grapefruits, lemons, and tangerines, and also pineapples, melons, dates, figs, bananas, coconuts, mangoes, papayas and guavas. Some fruits have more savory flavor. Examples are tomatoes, avocados, and peppers. They provide us natural sugar, protien, and vital vitamins.

What is the Amazon Cow Tree?

The Amazon cow-tree is a tropical fig. It takes its name from the fact that it produces a milklike sap, or latex, which can be drunk just like cow's milk.

Which Tree Give Us a Sweet, Sugary Syrup?

The sugar maple has a sweet sap, which is harvested to make maple syrup. Most maple syrup comes from the province of Quebec in Canada.

Kwento of Tea

The fresh young leaves of the tea bush are gathered to make tea.

How is Tea Made?

Tea comes from the leaves of a camella grown on hillsides in India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Japan and China. The young leaf tips are harvested, dried, and then crushed to make tea.

Where Does Coffee Come From?

Coffee plant is a large shrub, and its berries are used to make coffee. The ripe berries are harvested, then dried to remove the flesh from the hard stones inside. These are the coffee "beans," which are then treated and often roasted.

Where were Potatoes First Grown?

Potatoes grow wild in the Andes Mountains of South America and were first gathered as food by the native people of that region. All the many varieties grown today derive from that wild source.

How is Chocolate Made?

The cacao tree comes originally from the lowland rainforest of the Amazon and Orinoco. The fruits, called pods, develop on the sides of the trunk, and each pod contains about 20 to 60 seeds—the cacao "beans." The beans must be fermented, roasted, and ground before they become cocoa powder, the raw material for making chocolate. Cacao is now grown mainly is West Africa and also in the Caribbean.

Which Plant are Used to Make Sugar?

The main source of sugar is the sweet stems of sugar cane, a tall grass that grows in tropical countries. In some temperate areas, including Europe, there are large crops of sugar beet. This plant stores sugar in its thickened roots. In some parts of the tropics, the sap of the sugar palm is made into sugar.

Where did Wheat Come From?

Wheat is one of the oldest-known crops. It was probably first cultivated over 6,000 years ago in Mesopotamia—present day Iraq—between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates. Many useful crop plants have their origin in the Middle East. Other examples are barley, oats, rye, peas, lentils, onions, olives, figs, apples and pears.

What is Breadfruit?

Breadfruit is a tree native to the Malay Archipelago. It grows to about 65 feet (20m), and has a large edible fruits. The fruits are up to 8 inches (20cm) across and are cooked before being eaten as a vegetable. The related jackfruit, from India and Malaysia, also has edible fruits. These are even larger—up to 2 feet (90 cm) long.
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For centuries, tea has been used in alternative medicine to treat everything from cancer to constipation. Drinking tea could help reduce the risk of heart attack. Tea might also help protect against cardiovascular and degenerative diseases. Tea itself actually contains fluoride and tannins that may keep plaque at bay. So add unsweetened tea drinking to your daily dental routine of brushing and flossing for healthier teeth and gums. Tea can lower 'bad' cholesterol levels.


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