Frog Flying Amphibians and Giant Swimmer Toad ~ Kwentology

Image of Flying Frog by devilsjawFlaps of skin help the frog glide through the air.

Can the Flying Frog Really Fly?

No, but it can glide up to 50 feet (15 m) through the air between trees. When the frog jumps into the air, it stretches out its legs and toes so that its webbed feet act like parachutes. Small flaps of skin on the legs also help the frog to glide. The flying frog lives in rainforests in Southeast Asia and spends most of its life in trees. Being able to "fly" in this way means that it does not have to go down to the ground and climb back up again to move from tree to tree.

What is an Amphibian?

An amphibian is a creature that lives in water and on land. Amphibians evolved from fish and were the first vertebrates (creatures with backbones) to live on land. There are more than species of amphibian, including frogs, toads, newts, and salamanders.

Interesting Facts About Frogs and Toads

  • There may be as many as 4,000 species of frog and toad. They live on all continents except Antarctica. Most live in areas with plenty of rainfall, but some manage to live in drier lands by sheltering in borrows.

  • Adult frog catch insects and spiders and other small creatures such as crayfish—and even other frogs—to eat. Tadpoles usually feed on small water plants. Adult frog catch insects and spiders and other small creatures such as crayfish—and even other frogs—to eat. Tadpoles usually feed on small water plants.

  • Male frogs make their croaking calls to attract females. The frog has a special sac of skin under its chin, which it inflates to help make the call louder.

Do All Frogs Lay Their Eggs in Water?

No, some frogs have very unusual breeding habits. The male marsupial frog (and sometimes the female) carries its mate's eggs in a pouch on his back or hip. The male Darwin's frog keep his mate's eggs in its vocal pouch until they have developed into tiny frogs.

Great Climbers Treefrogs

Treefrogs are excellent climbers. On each of their long toes is a round, sticky pad, which allows them to cling to the undersides of leaves and to run up the smoothest surfaces. Treefrogs spend most of their lives in trees, catching insects to eat and only come down to the ground to lay their eggs or near water.

Which is the Smallest Frog?

The smallest frog, the smallest of all amphibians, is the Cuban frog, which measures around 0.4 inches (9.8 mm) long. The tiny gold frog, which lives in Brazilian rainforest, is probably about the same size.

What is a Tadpole?

A tadpole is the young, or larva, of an amphibian such as a frog or newt. The amphibian eggs is usually laid in water and hatches out in a small, swimming creature called a tadpole, with a long tail. The tadpole feeds on water plants and gradually develops into its adult form.

How Did The Spadefoot Toad Get Its Name?

The spadefoot toad got its name from the hard spadelike projections on each back foot, which it uses for digging its burrow. The toad backs into the ground, pushing soil away with its "spades." It usually spends the day deep in its burrow and comes out at night to find food.

What is a Salamander?

A salamander looks like a lizard, with its long body and tail, but is an amphibian like frogs and toads. There are over 350 different kinds. The biggest is the giant salamander, which can grow as big as 5 feet (1.5 m) long.

How Big is a Giant Toad?

The giant, or cane toad, which is native to parts of southern United States and South America, is up to 9.5 inches (24 cm long). It eats beetles, and was introduced into Australia by farmers, in an effort to control the beetles that eat crops such as sugarcane. Unfortunately, it didn't control the beetles and is now a pest itself.

Image of Poisonous Frogs by modestlobsterThe poison-arrow frog is one of the most poisonous of all animals.

Are Frogs and Toads Poisonous?

Some are—the cane toad can squirt poison at an enemy from glands near its eyes, and the fire-bellied toad has poison on its skin. But most deadly of all are poison-arrow frogs that live in South American rainforests. Their skin contains one of the most powerful poisons know—a tiny drop can kill a person. Local people tip their hunting arrows with this deadly substance by simply rubbing the arrow over the skin of a frog. Poison-arrow frogs live in trees and are usually very brightly colored. Their bold markings warn predators that they are poisonous and should be left alone. But their is a frog-eating snake in the rainforest that seems to be able to eat the frogs without coming to any harm.
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