If Feeling Sick Then Take A Medicine ~ Kwentology


How Do Medicines Work?


When you're feeling sick, you might need to see a doctor. After you tell the doctor what's wrong, the doctor will examine you. He or she will look into your ears, eyes, nose and throat, listen to your heartbeat and lungs, and take your blood pressure. Armed with information, the doctor will offer a diagnosis—the reason why you are sick—and give a treatment. Often that treatment is some kind of medicine.

Medicine is a chemical that comes in many forms. It can be a liquid, tablet, or capsule you swallow. Drugs can be injected with a needle right into the bloodstreams. Creams or ointments are absorbed through skin. Drops are made for the eyes or ears. Inhalers spray a drug into the nose of throat. Drugs can fight an illness, prevent an illness, and make the symptoms of an illness less strong.

Image of Magnified Bacteria by Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Disease Fighters:


An antibiotic kills bacteria or keeps them from multiplying. Bacteria (shown here greatly magnified) are germs that can sometimes cause disease. Certain drugs also kill other types of microorganisms that can lead to disease, such as fungi and parasites. Medicine can also target cells that aren't working normally, such as cancer cells.


Image of a Child While Being Injected With Medicine by Healthnewsnet

Be Prepared:


A vaccine is made of a dead or weakened part of a germ, such as a flu virus. When a vaccine is injected into a person, the body reacts by building up defenses for that particular germ. If that type of germ one day tries to infect the person, the body will be ready to attack it right away.


Image of Pain Killers Aspirin by jellywatson

Pain Killers:


Pain killers like aspirin can make you feel better while your body heals. If a part of the body is injured, nerve endings send pain signals to the brain. The drugs interfere with the message, so the pain stops.


Image of Replacement Medicine Insulin Kit by PeterEdin

Replacements:


Sometimes the body doesn't produce enough, or any, of a substance. Drugs can be used to replace those substances. For example, a person with a disease called diabetes needs extra insulin to stay healthy and gets it in an insulin shot. The shot comes in an insulin kit like the one in the photo.


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Factoid


Many medicines are based on substances found in nature. For example, antibiotics are often made from mold, fungi, and bacteria.

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Image of Time-releasing Drugs by bitzi ☂ ion-bogdan dumitrescu

Perfect Timing


Some medicines are solid pills. The medicine dissolves all at once inside the body. For other medicines, it's important that they release their medicine slowly, so the body doesn't absorb it all at once. These are called time-release drugs. They are usually capsules that hold hundreds of tiny hollow balls, or pellets. Inside each ball is the drug. Some balls have a thin coating. These dissolve within an hour or so after swallowing and release their drug in the stomach. The drug goes through the stomach walls and into the bloodstream. Balls with thicker walls don't dissolve until hours later, after they reach the intestine. The medicine enters the bloodstream through the intestine walls. The balls are sometimes different colors, based on the thickness of the coating.

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Factoid


Image of Aspirin Willow Bark by Nomad Thru Life
The first drug sold in tablet form was aspirin, in 1899. The chemical in aspirin comes from as substance found in willow bark.

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3 comments

It's good that you share information like this but I guess it'll be better if you make your description about the said medicine longer and site an example of the disease which they will suit or where they will be best to use for.

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Thanks for commenting Antonio. We will set that feedback and prioritize. We can't make an individual response this time but we value your response.

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another one great article my friend, keep it up...

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