Top Plants Records of the Most and "...EST" ~ Kwentology


Giant kelp is a huge seaweed that forms underwater forests in the coastal waters of California. Its fronds can be up to 215 feet (65 m) long, making it one of the tallest plants known, that makes giant kelp as well the world's longest seaweed.

Image of Giant Kelp

Giant Kelp—The base of the giant kelp is anchored firmly by its holdfast, but the fronds may grow up hundreds of feet through the water.

Which Plants has the Longest Leaf?

The raphia palm of tropical Africa produces the longest known leaves. The stalk can be nearly 13 feet (4 m) and the leaf-blade almost 65 feet (20 m) long.

How Deep are the Deepest Roots?

Roots of a South African fig were found to have penetrated about 400 feet (120 m) below the surface.

What is the Oldest Plant?

The oldest-known plant may be the creosote bush of southwestern USA and Mexico. Some of these bushes are thought to be 11,700 years old. The bristlecone pine, which grows mainly in the southwestern USA, notably in the White Mountains of California, is also very long-lived. The oldest is about 4,900 years old.

What Plant can Spread Across the Widest Area?

The banyan of India and Pakistan often starts life as an epiphyte—a small plant growing on another tree. As it grows, it sends down woody roots that come to resemble tree trunks. Eventually it can cover a large area and seem like a grove of separate trees, growing close together. One 200-year old banyan covered about 500 square yards (420 sq m), had 100 separate "trunks," and 1,775 prop-roots. The quaking aspen can also form a grove of trees that look separated, but which are connected underground. One aspen grove in the USA covered 106 acres (43 ha).

What is the Smallest Flowering Plant?

A tiny tropical floating duckweed is the world's smallest flowering plant. Some species measure less than 0.02 inch. (0.5 mm) across, even when fully grown.

What is the Tallest Tree?

The California redwood, which grows along the North American Pacific coast, is the tallest tree in the world, reaching 367 feet (112 m). Some Australian eucalyptus trees may grow almost as tall.

Which Plant Grows the Fastest?

The giant bamboo of Myanmar grows up to 1 foot (12 in) a day, making it one of the fastest growing of all plants. Another species from India, the spiny bamboo, holds the record for growth in a greenhouse—it achieved 36 inches (91 cm) in one day.

Image of California Redwood

California Redwood Sprig and Cones. The Cones of conifer trees are its reproductive structures.

What is the Largest Seed?

The coco de mer of the Seychelles has the largest seeds, each weighing up to 50 pounds (22 k). They are produced inside a large, woody fruit that takes six years to develop.

Which Plant has the Largest Floating Leaves

The giant waterlily of the Amazon region has huge leaves. They grow up 6 feet (1.8 m) across, and can support the weight of a child.

Image of Giant Flower

Rafflesia in bloom. The huge rafflesia flower has blotchy red and white petals. Flies are attracted by its revolving smell.

What is the Largest Flower?

The world's largest flower grows on the rafflesia, a plant without leaves that thrives in the tropical forests of Southeast Asia. It is a parasite, growing on the stems of lianes in the forests. Individual flowers can measure up to 3 feet (91 cm) across, making them the largest single flowers of any plant. Rafflesia's red and white flowers may look attractive, but they stink, mimicking the aroma of rotting flesh. The stench attracts flies, which then pollinate the flower.
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