People, places, and ideas help to create the world's history. Some are famous and some are less known. Take a trip back in time and see what we mean.
What is Skara Brae?In 1850, a powerful storm pounded the Orkney Isles off the coast of Scotland, stripping grass and dirt off a huge mound. When the storm cleared, amazed islanders discovered the outlines of stone buildings buried in the mound. Over the next 80 years, archaeologists uncovered a prehistoric village, built by people who lived more than 4,500 years ago. The name of that village is Skara Brae (scar-ah bray) and it is older than the pyramids in Egypt.
The settlement is made up of eight buildings that are linked together by passageways. The builders buried the stonewalls in the soil with the roofs aboveground. Snug underground, villagers were protected from wind and cold.
The eighth building was probably used as a workshop. The ancient villagers were skilled craftsman, and it's likely this is where they made their stone tools. The villagers, who lived in Skara Brae from around 3100 to 2450 B.C., were farmers. They grew grain and kept cows and sheep, yet also found time to hunt and fish.