FMG is rampant in countries like Egypt, and 90% of women said endured the mandatory painful procedure, widely known as 'female circumcision'.
This is done in the belief that cutting a woman's clitoris may reduce its sexual appetite. According to the United Nations (UN), it is common in 29 countries in Africa and the Middle East (Middle East).
In 2008, the government of Egypt enacted FMG as a crime, also religious leaders declared the tradition risky and it does not even connected with any of spiritual justification.
Nevertheless, it is still prevalent, according to rights advocates.
In one case, the death of 13-year-old Sohair el-Batea after undergoing the procedure performed by Dr. Raslan Fadl in Aga town of Dakahliya, 120 kilometers (75 miles) away in the northeast of the city of Cairo.