Diabetes - What Science Learn So Far ~ Kwentology

When we were just a kid, our mom used to tell us not to eat too much candy because we could get diabetes. What is diabetes anyway?
Image of What is Diabetes
Diabetes affects more than 380 million people worldwide and that number is set to double by 2030 according to the World Health Organization. Diabetes takes more American lives annually than AIDS and breast cancer combined.

Also diabetes is the leading cause of the following;
  • heart and kidney failure
  • amputation
  • stroke
  • blindness
People with diabetes need to test their blood sugar all the time and give themselves shots of insulin.

It all starts with food, candy doesn't actually caused diabetes. Even though candy we loved during those youthful days is somehow related to sugar.
Image of Diabetes
Diabetes is a failure of your body to properly process the food you're ingesting. When you eat, your body break down the food into component parts. One of which is glucose, a type of sugar that essential for the body.

Glucose enters the blood and circulates until absorbed into cells. So, shortly after you eat your blood glucose levels increase causing your pancreas to release insulin. The insulin triggers your system that glucose is present and ready to get burned for energy.

When you have diabetes, your body doesn't produce enough insulin or maybe the cells don't listen to insulin anymore or maybe both. This means glucose just hangs out in your bloodstream until it's passed through urine. However, all stored sugar can severely damage your body in the long-term.

Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes
Diabetes comes in two types, type 1 and type 2. Type 1 is autoimmune so it comes built in on some people. Autoimmune means your own immune system is attacking your own body. For some reason the immune system of people with type 1 diabetes attacks pancreas cells called islet cells. Islet cells responding to the blood glucose levels in the body. So without knowing how much glucose out there. The pancreas doesn't send up enough or any insulin. Type 1 diabetic people are usually have to give themselves insulin injections and monitor their blood glucose levels with those little finger prick thing.
Type 2 Diabetes
While type 1 is caused by our body attacking itself, type 2 is caused by our habits. Type 2 is far more common than type 1. Comprising 90 to 95% of all diabetes cases. Type 2 develop steadily due to high-calorie diet paired with a sedentary lifestyle. Over time the pancreas gets used all that glucose floating around the body and it stops making enough insulin or just doesn't make any at all. Basically, too much glucose can damage the islets or the cells stopped responding to insulin which should regulates the sugar. Type 2 diabetic people also have to monitor their glucose levels but only have to take insulin in 40% of cases. The main treatment of type 2 diabetes is adjusting diet and increasing exercise.

How To Avoid Getting Diabetes

A study in the Journal of Nutrition found dietary patterns with high intakes of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, as well as low-fat dairy, and low sugar products were associated with lower risks of type 2 diabetes. So eat right plus exercise and you can avoid type 2 diabetes.

Although, again, it's not about sugar intake but keeping caloric intake at a healthy level and avoid being sedentary.

Causes and Treatment for Diabetes

Diabetes is sometimes called a metabolic disorder because the human body can’t metabolize sugar in the blood properly. Both types are treatable and type 2 can be cured if caught early.

Researchers are trying to find cures and causes of all diabetes:
  • stress
  • sedentary
  • lifestyle
  • obesity
  • as well as genetic factors are all listed for type 2 diabetes.
However, a new longitudinal study in cell host and microbe might have an answer for the mysterious type 1. Each person has a unique microbiome, millions of bacteria living on inside our bodies all the time. Most are beneficial plus each of one is different. However, those who develop type 1 diabetes had a 25% drop in intestinal bacteria in the year before they developed the disease. So, maybe as microbiome research expands we can get a permanent cure for type 1 as well.

Effects of the Diabetes

If left unchecked hyperglycemia or excessive glucose in the bloodstream can cause serious trouble.
  1. Glaucoma and cataracts can cause blindness.
  2. Neuropathy can cause limbs to stop functioning and swelled with fluid forming ulcers and gangrene which lead to amputations.
  3. hypertension
  4. heart disease
  5. kidney disease
  6. hearing loss
  7. skin infection
  8. nerve damage
  9. impotence
  10. infection
  11. and even stroke are all side effects of poorly managed glucose levels.
Food is essentially everything we're made of. What we eat is what we are. So if we can’t metabolize that properly it can affect so many different aspects of our lives. A doctor will know if you are at risk for pre-diabetic and it's never too late to manage the disease to you or someone you know who have diabetes.
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