Endometriosis is a condition where tissue similar to the lining in your uterus grows in other areas of your body. If you are a woman, your reproductive system includes the vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. During a normal menstrual cycle, your ovaries make chemicals called hormones. Which signal the lining up your uterus to thicken. The lining called endometrium built up to prepare to receive a fertilized egg. If the egg isn't fertilized. The uterus sheds the lining through your vagina. This monthly bleeding is called your menstrual period.
Endometriosis: a Pain from Within
If you have endometriosis, the lining type tissue grows outside your uterus for reasons that aren't clear. The misplaced tissue response to the hormones just like it would if it were inside your uterus. The tissue continues to thicken then sheds and bleeds with every menstrual cycle. However, the blood and tissue that are shed outside the uterus have no way to leave your body. The trapped endometrial flow can irritate the surrounding area causing inflammation and pain. Pounds of stored tissue called adhesions may form. Sticking one organ to another or causing your fallopian tubes to close. This can affect your fertility which has the ability to become pregnant.
Usual Place for Endometriosis Formation
Endometriosis can form endometrioma. Which is also known as chocolate cysts. These cysts are fluid-filled sacs on your ovaries that can affect fertility. Endometriosis may also result in abnormal bleeding.
The most common sites were endometriosis are;
- Fallopian tubes
- Outside of uterus
- Supporting structures around uterus
- Lining up your pelvis called the perineum
- Other sites include the bladder, rectum and intestines
Symptoms Caused by Endometriosis
If you have endometriosis you may have one or more of these symptoms;
- Chronic usually worsening central pelvic pain
Pain before or during your period.
- Pain during sex felt deep within your pelvis.
- Painful urination during your period.
- Painful bowel movements during your period.
- Abnormal bleeding.
- Diarrhea, constipation or nausea.
- Difficulty getting pregnant called infertility
Treatments for Endometriosis
A doctor may recommend treatment options from the following categories;
- Pain management medications such as aspirin, acetaminophen or non-steroidal or anti-inflammatory drugs also known as NSAIDS provide relief from pain.
- Hormone therapy such as birth control pills can prevent monthly endometrial build-up and bleeding.
You may need a surgical procedure operation to treat the tissue causing pain or bleeding. Examples of such procedures include;
- Removal or destruction of endometrial tissue.
- Removal of adhesions and stored tissue.
- Removal or drainage up cysts.
- Removal or destruction of nerves fibers that transmit pain.
- Removal of your uterus called a hysterectomy.
- Removal of your ovaries called oophorectomy.